Tag Archives: Compromise solution

Zim Movement for Democracy Leaders Want Real Power

Months continue to drag by and the Zimbabwean inflation rate has now reached twenty million percent while President Mugabe of Zimbabwe dallies over the issue of surrendering any real power to the opposition Movement for Democratic Change. Its leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, insists he will not become a ceremonial “Prime Minister” just so Mugabe can tell the world he is willing to share “power” when, in actuality, he does not. Tsvangirai insists he must be given control of the powerful Ministry of Home Affairs which controls the police in order to prevent that institution from continuing its policy of harassment and brutality against members of the opposition. The MDC is willing to sign a document which is based on a 50%-50% sharing of power, and it must include some control over security forces who have brutalized the nation.

President Mbeki of South Africa is once again in the nation’ capital but, most probably, he will continue his own policy of supporting his good friend, Robert Mugabe. “We are not close to any deal,” says the MDC and there will not be any until Mbeki puts pressure on Mugabe to give up some power. Mugabe most probably would like Tsvangirai to work on the economy while he works on keeping the opposition under control.

Possible Triumph For Democracy In Zimbabwe?

The situation is still very unclear and many roadblocks remain before the people of Zimbabwe can obtain the rule of law in their nation. There are reports from Zimbabwe of a possible compromise under which President Robert Mugabe would remain in office but serve as the “ceremonial” head of state while Movement for Democratic Change(MDC), Morgan Tsvangirai, would assume the position of an executive prime minister who would be in charge of the daily operations of the nation. Mugabe’s party, the Zanu-PF are currently engaged in discussions with the MDC and are expanding the negotiation team to include other diverse voices.

The unanswered questions revolve around the power group which surrounds Mugabe, those who control the armed forces and police. Will they gracefully disappear from positions of power and give up the farms and houses they have stolen? Will there be a revolt by these men against Mugabe himself?

Turkish Headscarf Issue Continues Dividing Nation

The proposal by a commission which is revising Turkey’s constitution to insert a one sentence statement that would allow women to wear a headscarf while attending universities continues to arouse strong passions. The opposition Nationalist Movement Party offered a compromise that might avoid tearing the nation apart over the one sentence statement. Under its proposal, the fourth clause of Article 10 of the Constitution would be amended to read: “the state organs and the administration units must abide by the equality before the law principle in introducing and utlizing public services.” The MHP argues this could then be interpreted to allow women to wear a headscarf while attending a university.

Prime Minister Erdogan of the Justice and Development Party, which has a strong Muslim orientation, is under pressure from his grass roots supporters to end the ban on headscarves. He indicated willingness to go along with any solution that ended the ban regardless of how it was worded. However, secular opposition groups insisted the ban must be kept in order to ensure Turkey does not fall under rule of an Islamic group that would impose its version of the Muslim religion upon the entire nation. The outside world may well be confused about the intense emotions aroused by the headscarf issue. For secular Turks it is a bedrock issue because they fear pressure being exerted on secular Muslim women to wear a headscarf. It appears, in one way or another, there will be an end to the ban. The issue illustrates the genius of those who wrote the American Constitution. They avoided getting into too many specifics. Does the issue of the headscarf belong in the Constitution is a question Turks may well wonder about.