During the Vietnam War, Canada was a place of refuge for many deserters from the American armed forces who refused to engage in a war they considered to be immoral. The Canadian Parliament is presently considering a bill that would allow American and other war resisters to obtain refuge in their country. The bill allows military deserters to remain in Canada if their refusal is based on sincere moral, political, or religious objections.
There are thought to be about 200 American military deserters who have come to Canada to avoid service in Iraq. Canadian immigration authorities currently refuse to grant asylum which has resulted in the need for legislation by parliament.