Fyodor Lukyanov, writing in the Moscow Times, suggests the American decision after the collapse of the Soviet Union to assume the role of world leader has resulted in a disastrous outcome for its foreign policy. America declared itself “victor” in the fight against communism, “a victory that it was not entirely ready for.” Lukyanov notes an absence of ideology has sparking American foreign policy the past decade because it was driven by a desire to enforce its power on the assumption American interests were synonymous with those of the world. He argues the Bush belief that since “democracies don’t fight democracies” the solution to problems of the world was establishing democracies. “The main problem with this simplistic formula is that building democracies from scratch is a long and difficult process.” The Bush attempt to carry out this policy “led to a series of failures and to a new level of global fragmentation.”
Luyanov believes a major factor in current differences between Russia and the United States stems from the Bush program of attempting to create an alliance of nations on the border of
Russia which was bound to elicit a negative reaction and even a desire to rebuilt its armed forces to meet the American challenge. The core of the problem, is that “the United States is a global power with global ambitions and interests. from the U.S. point of view, it has no interests that it is willing to sacrifice. Regions that Moscow sees as secondary to U.S. interests have become necessary components of the Us structure known as American leadership.”
The Bush desire to establish nations friendly to its interests who border on Russia has been among the great mistakes of American foreign policy, and one that Senator John McCain still does not grasp have serious dangers to world security. Bush did not understand there would be a negative reaction to his policy goals, but “the United States was not in a position to give substantive support to its ally Georgia. It was even unable to prevent Georgia from making fatal mistakes.”
An American foreign policy centered in “toughness” and pushing for membership in NATO of the Ukraine or Georgia has only resulted in an increase in tensions between the United States and Russia and an inability on the part of America or NATO to support its weak allies. Hopefully, among the first tasks of a new American president is rethinking goals for his nation in the world in light of reality that no single nation can assert its power throughout the entire world.