The Iraq government has begun to impose its will on Sunni groups which played an important role in reducing the power of al-Qaeda. The Sunni Awakening Councils were vital to the success of the American”surge” efforts but it appears the presence of armed Sunni groups is threatening to the Iraq government. The United States military which placed many of the Sunni fighters on its payroll has urged Prime Minister Maliki to incorporate them within the regular Iraq army, but this suggestion apparently has been rejected.
Maliki’s decision to wage war on Sunni fighters raises the possibility of a resurgence of militant action once American forces leave the nation. An important belief behind the “surge” was uniting Sunni and Shiite as a combined force to deal with terrorism. it may well be the failure to achieve this goal will result in more terrorism.