During the 1970s China’s communist government decided a continued population increase posed problems for economic development of the nation. They imposed a one child per family limit. The China Development Research Foundation warns that continuing this policy poses serious economic problems for the nation in the coming decades. “China has paid a huge political and social cost for this policy, as it has resulted in soical conflict, high administrative costs and led indirectly to a long-term gender imbalance at birth.” In other words, too many boys and not enough girls–at least in China.
In the long term the policy means fewer workers in the coming decades even as the number of elderly people will experience a dramatic increase. There will be an enormous number of retired people and a small working class to support them. The end result will be conflict, political turmoil and disorganization.